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The Link Between Menopause and Thyroid Medication

Curos Health Medical Team August 4, 2021

Menopause means the stoppage of the sexual life of a female. It has been proved through different research studies that perimenopausal and postmenopausal females are at higher risk of developing thyroid disease. However, it is still a mystery that menopause causes thyroid disease or not. Thyroid disease occurs when there is a disturbance in the production of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland. It may be due to over or under secretion of thyroid hormone. It can occur anytime before or after menopause.

Sharing same regulatory factors:

Thyroid hormone production is under the activity of some regulators released by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. These regulators, mainly released from the hypothalamus, are important in maintaining thyroid hormones and estrogen throughout the females’ life.

The combined effect of estrogen and thyroid hormones:

These hormones are essential for maintaining bone structure, mensuration in females, metabolism, mood, energy, and body temperature.

Shared symptoms:

Having thyroid disease and going through menopause or Perimenopause, you might experience various symptoms, including weight changes, mood changes, vaginal dryness, etc. Following are some signs you might experience during different health states related to low or high thyroid and menopause.

SymptomLow ThyroidHigh ThyroidPerimenopauseMenopause
Menstruation changes
Low energy 
Insomnia  
Weight gain  
Mood changes  
Depression  
Temperature changes
Digestive issues
Table no. 1: different symptoms and their association with varying states of health.

Thyroid health and Perimenopausal state:

The problem arises because of the symptoms of these two conditions. Most of the symptoms overlap, and you may be misdiagnosed as menopause. Still, in reality, you are suffering from thyroid disease. Your doctor may recommend hormone replacement therapy that may exaggerate your symptoms of thyroid diseases and result in serious health issues. To avoid it, your doctor must ask you to go for a thyroid function test to check the level of thyroid hormones in your body. So, a proper diagnosis can be made, and thyroid medications are used for the treatment.

Thyroid health and menopause:

In the case of hypothyroidism, thyroid hormone supplements are given. While on the other hand, in the case of hypothyroidism, medications, surgery, or radiation are used for effective treatment.

As it is evident that thyroid disease can occur any time before or after menopause. However, if you suffer from thyroid disease and have reached menopause, your doctor prescribes you HRT. In that case, increase the dose of your thyroid medication because HRT interferes with the thyroid medication and decreases its efficacy.

During menopause, if you suffer from thyroid disease, then proper medication should be used for effective treatment and making your life better. Estrogen HRT medications are used only for symptomatic treatment. On the other hand, you have to take thyroid medication regularly for the proper functioning of your body. The interlinkage between symptoms of menopause and thyroid disease always overlaps. Diagnosis must be made properly for effective treatment.

Curos Health Medical Team
The Curos Health Medical Team is lead by our Chief Medical Officer, Josh Trutt, MD. The team is dedicated to a patient-centric approach to medicine providing integrative, concierge medicine delivered via telehealth. Curos Health is also please to be able to accept most major health insurance providers in Florida.
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